Access to safe, affordable and reliable drinking water and sanitation services are basic human rights.
Billions still lack safe water and sanitation facilities, and people are being left behind for reasons related to their gender, ethnicity, culture and/or socioeconomic status, among others. Exclusion, discrimination, entrenched power asymmetries, poverty and material inequalities are among the main obstacles to fulfilling the human rights to water and sanitation and achieving the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
International human rights law obliges states to work towards achieving universal access to water and sanitation for all, without discrimination, while prioritizing those most in need.Human rights define individuals as rights-holders entitled to water and sanitation, and states as duty-bearers that have to guarantee access to WASH for all, using the maximum of their available resources. Fulfilment of the human rights to water and sanitation requires that the services be safe, available, physically accessible, equitably affordable and culturally acceptable. A human rights-based approach advocates for the fundamental standards, principles and criteria of human rights frameworks.
Main Messages (pdf, 1.91 mb, 2 pp)
Deutsche Kurzfassung des Weltwasserberichts 2019 (pdf, 3.01 mb, 12 S.)