The GRFC provides several levels of analysis in each chapter. In this 2023 edition, there are three ‘Spotlights’ to provide a more in-depth analysis and draw the reader’s attention to three major issues: the impact of the war in Ukraine on global food crises; the importance of timely humanitarian action in food-crisis contexts; and countries of concern with data gaps.
Chapter 1 | A global overview of food crises
This section presents a thematic analysis of the global food crises of 2022 and projections for 2023, based on the peak estimates for both years. It provides aggregate figures on acute food insecurity, identifies the key drivers and factors contributing to food crises, and presents a focused analysis of the most severe acute food insecurity situations since the GRFC began publication in 2017. In a table, it provides 2021, 2022 and 2023 peak estimates for all GRFC selected food crises. A global brief on displacement and nutrition is also included.
Chapter 2 | Regional overviews of food crises
This section presents a consolidated food security analysis for six regions – Central and Southern Africa; East Africa; West Africa and the Sahel, and Cameroon; Asia; Latin America and the Caribbean; and the Middle East and North Africa – for 2022 and projections for 2023 where available. It also presents nutrition and displacement analyses. Europe is not included since Ukraine is the only country selected and it is included as a major food crisis in chapter 3 while the global impact of the war in Ukraine is included as a spotlight within chapter 1.
Chapter 3 | Major food crises in 2022
This chapter features individual analyses of the 42 countries/territories identified as ‘major food crises’. All of them have at least 1 million people or 20 percent of their country population or migrant/refugee population in IPC/ CH Phase 3 or above or equivalent. These country briefs present the 2022 peak estimate of populations in IPC/CH Phase 3 or above or equivalent, and the highest available projection for 2023. They include maps, a brief narrative on year-on-year changes and seven-year trends where possible, key drivers, as well as information on forcibly displaced populations and nutrition.
This section provides the technical details regarding the information described in the GRFC including key terminology, data sources and methodologies, GRFC processes and protocols, as well as comparability challenges and limitations. It also contains references for the categorization of undernutrition and acute food insecurity indicators.
All key terms and terminology used in the GRFC are listed in the Glossary for easy reference. As the GRFC refers to peak estimates of acute food insecurity, appendix 2 provides all available IPC/CH results for specific countries/territories dating back to 2016 where available thus providing additional information to the chapter 3 country briefs, which helps the reader consider the seasonal aspect of acute food insecurity.